Switching to renewable energies is proving a challenge even though the process has already begun. The German government confirmed its goal of reducing dangerous emissions by at least 55 per cent by 2030 and 70 per cent by 2040 in the Climate Protection Plan 2050. And the share of renewable energies in Germany’s electricity consumption rose from around 6 per cent in 2000 to more than 40 per cent in 2018. The Hamburg Renewable Energy Cluster (EEHH) has been driving the energy revolution forward for eight years now and is continuously initiating new projects at home and abroad to strengthen and expand Hamburg’s role as a centre of forward-looking energy systems.
Increasing committment across industry
Industry in Hamburg has expressed more readiness to commitment amid hopes of even greater commitment from politicians in Berlin, according to a survey of members conducted in June 2019. “Representatives of the companies surveyed believe that the switch from industrial companies to a climate-friendly energy supply will have a positive impact on politics,” said Jan Rispens, Managing Director, EEHH. The discussion on the energy turnaround is becoming more substantiated and credible through the involvement of private companies, said 45 per cent of respondents. Nearly 40 per cent believe that industry can send positive impulses to politics and that such firms can become role models for other companies.
NEW 4.0 projects
The NEW 4.0 – Norddeutsche EnergieWende, which has already sparked attention since it launched in December 2016, will certainly serve as a role model. “Hamburg’s large-scale industry will become a partner in the energy turnaround with NEW 4.0,” said Astrid Dose, Manager of Public Relations at EEHH. ArcelorMittal, Trimet and Aurubis are already successfully testing how industrial large-scale consumers can generate control energy instead of using conventional power plants to stabilise the electricity grid. “At the same time, the course is being set for decarbonizing production processes and using renewable electricity instead of fossil fuels,” Dose added.
New battery storage units relieving grid
As part of NEW 4.0, three battery storage units have been installed. Wind to Gas Energy GmbH & Co. KG have installed one with a capacity of 2 MW in Brunsbüttel, EnSpireMe has set up a second with 48 MW in Jardel while Vattenfall, Nordex and HAW Hamburg have set up a third with 1 MW in Hamburg-Curslack as part of a co-operation. Dose pointed out:“The three storage facilities help to relieve the grid on the generation side and compensate short-term fluctuations. Power plants that generate control energy on the basis of fossil fuels can thus be reduced.”
Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy Systems
The Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy Systems IWES in Bergedorf, which has only been up and running since it opened in May, is likely to bolster the city’s role as a pioneer of the energy transition. “The IWES location in Bergedorf is a great asset for the science metropolis of Hamburg. Wind energy research is one of the key forward-looking fields. People rightly expect science to make progress here. I thank the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft for their trust in the location,” said Katharina Fegebank, Senator for Science, Equality and Research. The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is a world leader of applied research and has received EUR 8.3 million in funds from the City of Hamburg. A total of EUR 20 million has gone towards innovations at IWES along with funding from the German Ministry for Economics and Energy for the HAPT project.
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