Hamburg ranked fifth with 2 million tons of goods imported and exported between Hamburg and China in 2017 after Lower Saxony (2.1 million tons), Baden-Württemberg (2.3 million tons), Bavaria (2.7 million tons) and North Rhine-Westphalia (6.3 million tons), according to the Port of Hamburg. Measured in the TEU container unit, China and Hong Kong continue to lead the ports’s top trading partners with 2.62 million TEU.
Infrastructure in Port of Hamburg – boon
Hamburg’s distribution function means the city is an attractive transhipment point for China. The port’s extensive hinterland network ensures good connections all over Europe. The port meets the growing transhipment volumes and environmental requirements with a well-developed infrastructure for rail, inland waterways and trucks as well as sound port management. In 2017, 17 liner services connected the Port of Hamburg with Chinese ports including 13 full container liner services and four general cargo services. Every week there are 235 container train connections between Hamburg and China.
Wood and printed products – main exports
The most important trade goods for export to China including Hong Kong are wood products, paper and cardboard as well as printed products with around 3.1 million tonnes, followed by chemical products with just under 800,000 tonnes. Third place went to food and beverages with almost 786,000 tonnes. A total of 9.6 million tons of goods were loaded into China. In terms of imports from China, chemical products lead the way with 2.1 million tonnes, followed by machinery and household appliances with a good 2 million tonnes and metals and metal products with more than 1.8 million tonnes. A total of 14.4 million tonnes were imported from China in 2017.
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