In former days, people in Hamburg needed as many as seven different tickets to get from A to B by public transport. That was not only highly inconvenient, but also very complicated. A public transport association was proposed to solve the problem – a pioneering approach and one which became a model for local passenger services all over the world.
One Timetable, One Pricing System, One Ticket
The negotiations that led to setting up the HVV started in 1960 and dragged on for over five years. The main task was to develop a communal tariff to replace the wealth of different tickets. But another main objective was a better integrated network of transport services. Changing between different types of transport was to be as easy as possible. “One timetable, one ticket pricing system, one ticket” was the motto.
On 29 November 1965, Hamburg‘s First Mayor, Prof. Dr. Herbert Weichmann (SPD), Hamburg’s Minister of Transport Edgar Engelhard (FDP) and the representatives of the Deutsche Bundesbahn, the HOCHBAHN and the VHH formed the world’s first public transport association at Hamburg’ city Hall. Its four founding partners included Hamburger Hochbahn, S-Bahn hamburg, Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein and HADAG.
More Than One Billion Passengers Per Year
“The history of the HVV reflects the growth and economic success of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region”, the Hamburg Minister of Economy, Transport, and Innovation, Frank Horch, said on occasion of the jubilee.” The densely tight network of public transport is the guarantee for people being able to enjoy unlimited mobility – also in combination with other means of transportation”, Horch continued.
In 1967, the first full year of the HVV community tariff, 558.2 million passengers used the 177 services and lines of the HVV network with its 2,181 stop. Six years later, i.e. 1973, it had already grown to 219 lines with 2,652 stops. Today, the rail network of HVV alone comprise for U-Bahn services operated by Hamburger Hochbahn AG, six S-Bahn lines of the S-Bahn Hamburg GmbH, three suburban train lines operated by AKN as well as numerous other local rail services offered by smaller regional railway companies.
Bus, Train, and Ferry with One Ticket
There are also 649 bus lines running in Hamburg’s metro region, operated by, inter alia, Hamburger Hochbahn, the VHH and the KVG Stade. Six HADAG ferries ply the waters of the Port of Hamburg and the Elbe river. The HADAG is also for responsible for the water link to the Airbus plant. Today, more than one billion people use the public transport of the Hamburg Transport Association each year.
With the introduction of the new 2016 timetable on 13 December, the HVV will once improve its services by deploying larger vehicles and densifying schedules.
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