Up by 6.1 per cent at 102.7 million tonnes, general cargo throughput was outstanding. A 1.7 per cent increase in bulk cargo throughput to 43.0 million tonnes also contributed to the new record for Germany’s largest universal port.
New Record In Seaborne Cargo
In 2014, the Port of Hamburg set a new record for seaborne cargo handling. “This year of throughput records was made possible because port customers and shipowners rely on Hamburg and value our port’s high quality performance. Along with its excellent liner services and links with markets in Germany and abroad, the outstanding level of performance by the port and its many providers of cargo handling, logistics and transport services continue to prove convincing for its many customers. Internationally, Hamburg belongs in the Champions League of world ports, achieving above-average growth compared to its European competitors”, emphasized Axel Mattern, Port of Hamburg Marketing (HHM)’s Executive Board. “I am very pleased with the annual result. It shows how important it is to develop and implement intelligent solutions for the port. With our smartPORT strategy, we are set on precisely the right course for the future of the Port of Hamburg”, stated Jens Meier, CEO of Hamburg Port Authority.
Added Value Of Almost 20 Billion Euro
The Port of Hamburg employs approx. 151,000 people. With added value totalling almost 20 billion euro, the port is also of crucial importance for Germany’s national economy. To keep the universal port on a continued growth course, in addition to the dredging and widening of the navigation channel on the Lower and Outer Elbe, continued upgrading and expansion of access and dispersal corridors for the transport of growing cargo volumes by rail, truck and inland waterway craft are vital.
Container Handling Remains The Backbone Of Progress
At 9.7 million TEU (20-ft standard containers), Hamburg’s container throughput achieved a gain of 5.1 per cent, above average for ports in Northern Europe while remaining just below ten million TEU mark now aimed for in 2015. Strong growth in container throughput is primarily attributable to a 9.8 per cent jump in container services with China. With around 3.0 million TEU, the People’s Republic is Hamburg’s most significant partner for container transport. Also among Hamburg’s top ten trade partners are Poland with 395,000 TEU (up by 22.6 per cent) and India with 232,000 TEU (up by 14.9 per cent). The development of transshipment to the Baltic region only reached slight growth of 0.5 per cent in 2014 due to the downturn in container traffic with Russia. Container handling with Hamburg’s second largest trade partner declined by 7.8 per cent to 662,000 TEU.
No. 2 In Europe, No. 15 Worldwide
“In 2014, Hamburg performed extremely well by comparison with its European competitors. With average container throughput in the North range rising by only by 4.2 percent, Hamburg thus increased its market share and consolidated its position as Europe’s second largest container port. In the worldwide ranking of container ports, Hamburg remains in 15th place”, explained Axel Mattern. Mattern also pointed out that in handling 8.5 million TEU of loaded containers (up by 5.5 per cent), Hamburg has been able to report an additional record in 2014. At 87.0 per cent, Hamburg achieved the highest proportion of loaded boxes in its throughput totals among Europe’s ports-
General And Bulk Cargo Also On The Rise
Throughput of general cargo climbed by 3.8 per cent to two million tonnes in 2014. Growth was fuelled by exports of iron, steel, paper and timber, and a notable 19.6 per cent increase in imports of tropical fruit that reached 188,000 tonnes.Bulk cargo throughput rose by 1.7 per cent to a total of 43 million tonnes in 2014, and accounted for a 29.5 per cent share of total throughput. Suction cargo grew by 1.5 per cent to 8.2 million tonnes. Grab cargo improved by 3.5 percent to 20.4 million tonnes. Growth was powered mainly by coal imports at 6.1 million tonnes (up by 6.9 per cent) and ore imports at 9.9 million tonnes (up by 4.4 per cent). The positive development of throughput in the suction cargo segment was attributable to grain handling, rising by 6.7 per cent to reach 3.7 million tonnes. Grain was exported to North and West Africa in growing quantities. Throughput in the liquid cargo segment fell by 0.8 per cent to 14.4 million tonnes. Apart from lower imports of crude oil, the downturn here was caused by slight falls in imports of palm and soya oil as well as chemical products, and restructuring at a leading Hamburg refinery. The 12.8 per cent growth in exports to a total of 4.5 million tonnes was not sufficient to offset decreases in liquid cargo imports.
Hamburg Aims For Ten Million TEU in 2015
For 2015 the Port of Hamburg’s marketing organization reckons with a further climb in throughput of seaborne cargoes. By the end of the year the total could reach 149.0 million tons, with the 10 million TEU mark achieved for containers. Further growth in seaborne foreign trade with core markets is however essential for achievement of these figures.
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